Is Atlas Shrugging?
In this 1964 lecture, Ayn Rand answers a question frequently posed to her after the publication of Atlas Shrugged in 1957: “Is Atlas Shrugged a prophetic novel — or a historical one?” Using material from what she called her “Horror File” (clippings of current events and pronouncements which illustrate the debased intellecual state of the culture), Rand analyzes such topics as the “brain drain” of scientists that plagued Britain in the 1960s; socialized medicine in Britain, Belgium and Canada; real-life examples of legislation similar to the fictional laws featured in Atlas Shrugged; the union practice known as “featherbedding” in the railroad industry, and the possible influence of Atlas Shrugged on the reception accorded to “Robin Hood” festivals in England.
“Atlas Shrugged,” Rand observes in closing, “is not a prophecy of our unavoidable destruction, but a manifesto of our power to avoid it, if we choose to change our course.” This talk appeared in the August 1964 issue of The Objectivist Newsletter and was later anthologized in Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal (1966 and 1967).
The lecture lasts 44 minutes.
About the Author
Ayn Rand created and defined her philosophy, Objectivism, in the pages of her best-selling novels, particularly The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, and in a series of nonfiction books that address a wide range of fundamental issues in philosophy.
Born Alisa Rosenbaum in Tsarist St. Petersburg in 1905, Rand witnessed the Russian Revolution as a teenager and promptly condemned communism as immoral for sacrificing the individual to the collective. In 1926, shortly after graduating from the University of Leningrad, she fled to America, adopting the pen name Ayn Rand to shield her family from possible persecution once her anti-communism became well known.
In Hollywood, she wrote scenarios for famous director Cecil B. DeMille and met her future husband on a movie set, but the couple struggled financially for years. Then came a string of writing successes: a Broadway play, followed by her first novel, We the Living (1936), then a novella called Anthem (1938), and later her first best seller, the story of a fiercely independent architect named Howard Roark in The Fountainhead (1943). All these works of fiction feature gripping stories and exalted, egoistic, this-worldly heroes.
In writing Atlas Shrugged (1957) — the story of a man who said he would stop the motor of the world, and did — Rand had to define fully her new philosophy of reason, rational self-interest, and laissez-faire capitalism.
Thereafter, and until her death in 1982, Rand amplified and explicated her “philosophy for living on earth” in a stream of books whose theoretical essays and cultural commentaries cover important topics across the five major branches of philosophy: metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, politics and esthetics.