In this 1978 lecture at Boston’s Ford Hall Forum, Ayn Rand reviews the themes she had explored in thirteen previous lectures delivered since her first appearance in 1961, asking in each case: “Have things changed since then, and, if so, in what direction?” Her analysis covers such topics as abortion, capitalism, censorship, “ethnicity,” war and economics. “What do we do next?” she asks in closing. “I don’t think it’s up to me any longer. It is up to you.”
In the ensuing Q&A, Rand expands on the topics covered in her talk and also discusses business and politics; racism; U.S. relations with Soviet Russia; the legal case surrounding the Nazi Party’s efforts to march on public streets in Skokie, Illinois; affirmative action; the Panama Canal; feminism; fighting the establishment; the 1970s energy crisis; the United Nations, and South Africa and apartheid.
The lecture lasts 52 minutes, followed by a 34-minute Q&A.
About the Author
Ayn Rand created and defined her philosophy, Objectivism, in the pages of her best-selling novels, particularly The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged, and in a series of nonfiction books that address a wide range of fundamental issues in philosophy.
Born Alisa Rosenbaum in Tsarist St. Petersburg in 1905, Rand witnessed the Russian Revolution as a teenager and promptly condemned communism as immoral for sacrificing the individual to the collective. In 1926, shortly after graduating from the University of Leningrad, she fled to America, adopting the pen name Ayn Rand to shield her family from possible persecution once her anti-communism became well known.
In Hollywood, she wrote scenarios for famous director Cecil B. DeMille and met her future husband on a movie set, but the couple struggled financially for years. Then came a string of writing successes: a Broadway play, followed by her first novel, We the Living (1936), then a novella called Anthem (1938), and later her first best seller, the story of a fiercely independent architect named Howard Roark in The Fountainhead (1943). All these works of fiction feature gripping stories and exalted, egoistic, this-worldly heroes.
In writing Atlas Shrugged (1957) — the story of a man who said he would stop the motor of the world, and did — Rand had to define fully her new philosophy of reason, rational self-interest, and laissez-faire capitalism.
Thereafter, and until her death in 1982, Rand amplified and explicated her “philosophy for living on earth” in a stream of books whose theoretical essays and cultural commentaries cover important topics across the five major branches of philosophy: metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, politics and esthetics.