In all its countless variations and applications, “credit” means money, i.e., unconsumed goods, loaned by one productive person (or group) to another, to be repaid out of future production. Even the credit extended for a consumption purpose, such as the purchase of an automobile, is based on the productive record and prospects of the borrower. Credit is not . . . a magic piece of paper that reverses cause and effect, and transforms consumption into a source of production.

“Egalitarianism and Inflation”
Philosophy: Who Needs It, 132

All credit transactions are contractual agreements. A credit transaction is any exchange which involves a passage of time between the payment and the receipt of goods or services. This includes the vast majority of economic transactions in a complex industrial society.

“Government Financing in a Free Society”
The Virtue of Selfishness, 117
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