After summarizing the previous course, Leonard Peikoff focuses on two culturally representative areas of ancient Greek culture: literature and politics, with the purpose of identifying the culture’s dominant mode of integration. In literature, Peikoff focuses on Homer’s epic poem The Iliad and its author’s approach to the story, the characters and the theme. In politics, Peikoff analyzes the poem’s view of democracy and its emphasis on self-determination and cultural and political participation.