In this lesson, Mayhew continues his presentation of Aristotle’s view of plot and explores the philosopher’s thoughts on characterization and the kind of people art should represent, focusing especially on what “might be and ought to be.” Mayhew also discusses the role of art in helping a person shape his soul in the image of the virtuous and the ways in which Aristotle’s views are similar and dissimilar to the Objectivist esthetics.