One quality of the Greeks as thinkers was their unceasing search for the order of things, the basic principle organizing the One in the Many. That systematic outlook was reflected in their approach to art, science, philosophy, and especially politics. In this lecture, John David Lewis explains how the Greeks sought the same order governing everything else in the universe through the creation of the polis. Such unprecedented achievement of political independence and self-governance was only secured by their intellectual innovation on the principle that they thought should guide human affairs: dike, or justice.

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